top of page
In the In Industrial Design Facility Tea

Knowledge Center

Industry knowledge and development

Knowledge releases

The Future of Green Pellets Classification: Advancements in Roller Screens Technology

Release on December 16, 2021

In the field of metallurgical engineering, the efficient classification of green pellets using roller screens is critical for optimizing production processes and enhancing the quality of the final products. The innovative research conducted by Benito Barbabela e Silva at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro offers groundbreaking insights into this process, utilizing the Discrete Element Method (DEM) to bring significant advancements in pellet classification technology.

Understanding the Challenges

The classification of green pellets has traditionally faced several technical challenges that impact operational efficiency and scalability. These include non-uniform temperature distribution within shaft furnaces, pellets sticking to the furnace walls, and difficulties in scaling up the technology without compromising quality. Such challenges have historically hindered the ability to achieve uniform heating and efficient handling of the pellets, prompting a need for better technological solutions.

The Role of the Discrete Element Method

Silva’s research employs DEM to simulate the intricate behaviors and interactions among pellets on roller screens. This method provides an unprecedented microscopic view of the dynamics at play during the screening process. By accurately modeling the physical interactions between pellets, DEM helps in understanding the effects of various operational parameters on the classification efficiency.

Innovations and Optimizations

The study introduces several innovative approaches to optimize the roller screen design and operation:

Roller Design Modifications: By experimenting with different roller diameters and the gaps between them, the research identifies optimal configurations that enhance the sorting accuracy, thereby reducing the recirculation of misclassified pellets.

Adjustments in Operational Parameters: Insights into how the speed of the rollers and their installation angle can be adjusted demonstrate significant improvements in screening efficiency. Such adjustments ensure a more consistent pellet size distribution, crucial for the subsequent induration process in furnaces.

Feed Rate Optimization: The research also explores the impact of varying the feed rate at which pellets enter the screens. Proper control of the feed rate is shown to be vital for maintaining high classification performance, emphasizing the need for advanced control systems in pellet production facilities.

Practical Implications and Benefits

Implementing the findings from this research could lead to several tangible benefits for pellet production plants:

Enhanced Production Efficiency: More accurate classification results in a higher yield of correctly sized pellets, reducing waste and increasing the efficiency of the induration process.

Cost Reduction: Improvements in screening efficiency can significantly reduce the energy and operational costs associated with the handling and reprocessing of incorrectly sized pellets.

Scalability and Adaptability: The detailed understanding gained from DEM simulations assists in designing roller screens that are more adaptable and scalable, capable of handling larger volumes without compromising on efficiency.

The Path Forward

The application of DEM in optimizing the classification of green pellets on roller screens is a major technological leap forward. This method not only enhances operational efficiency but also serves as a catalyst for further innovations in the design and operation of pellet screening technologies. As the industry moves towards more energy-efficient and environmentally sustainable production methods, the insights provided by such advanced research will be invaluable. This study not only addresses the immediate challenges facing pellet production but also sets the stage for future advancements that could redefine industry standards and expectations.

Why choose CVIC

For additional details or inquiries, please feel free to reach out to us at

bottom of page